Handbook of Rubber Bonding

Handbook of Rubber Bonding

Author: B. Crowther, Editor
ISBN 978-1-85957-394-5 

Pages: 350, Figures: 92, Tables: 65

The chapters in this volume have been written by experts in their fields, so the information can be regarded as the most up to date and state of the art knowledge on a particular subject.
Topics covered include:
Techniques of Metal Preparation
Substrate Preparation
Adhesives for Rubber Bonding
Rubber to Metal Bonding using Co-agents
Rubber to Brass Bonding
Rubber to Fabric Bonding
Cobalt Promoted Metal Adhesion
Rubber to Thermoplastics Bonding
Rubber to Rubber Bonding
Cyanoacrylate Bonding
Waterborne Bonding Systems
Post Vulcanisation Bonding
Bonding of Silicone Rubber
Bonding Applications in power transmission belting
Tyre Cord adhesion
Failure in Rubber to Metal Bonding
Although there is some discussion of relevant theory in various sections of text, the emphasis in this volume has been to concentrate on the practicalities of bonding of rubbers, to themselves and substrates. It is considered that this type of information is of immediate interest to the practizing technologist dealing with shop floor problems on a daily basis.
This book will be ideal for those who are just about to embark upon the practice of bonding rubbers but it will be equally useful to those practitioners already involved in this field.


1 Substrate Preparation Methods

  • 1.1 Metal preparation – general techniques
  • 1.2 Pre-treatments of plastics and rubbers
  • 1.3 Bonding rubbers to plastic substrates
  • 1.4 Substrate preparation for bonding using the wet blast process

    2 Rubber to Metal Bonding

  • 2.1 History
  • 2.2 Bond system characteristics
  • 2.3 Adhesion
  • 2.4 Effective bond formation
  • 2.5 Post vulcanisation bonding
  • 2.6 Factors affecting bond integrity
  • 2.7 Bond failure types
  • 2.8 Bond test procedures
  • 2.9 Summary

    3 Rubber to Metal and Other Substrate Bonding

  • 3.1 Introduction
  • 3.2 Substrates and their preparation
  • 3.3 Bonding agent preparation
  • 3.4 Bonding agent application and use
  • 3.5 Post vulcanisation bonding
  • 3.6 Waterborne bonding systems
  • 3.7 Health and safety in the workplace
  • 3.8 Bonding agent testing
  • 3.9 Shelf life considerations
  • 3.10 Troubleshooting
  • 3.11 Summary

    4 Bonding Rubber to Metals with Waterborne Adhesive Systems

  • 4.1 Introduction
  • 4.2 Waterborne bonding systems
  • 4.3 Waterborne bonding agents -a factory experience

    5 Rubber to Rubber Bonding

  • 5.1 Bonding of unvulcanised rubbers
  • 5.2 Bonding of vulcanised rubbers to unvulcanised rubbers
  • 5.3 Bonding of vulcanised rubbers
  • 5.4.The mechanism of adhesion of fully cured rubbers

    6 Rubber –Brass Bonding

  • 6.1 Introduction
  • 6.2 Mechanism of rubber-brass bonding

    7 Review of Tyre Cord Adhesion

  • 7.1 Introduction
  • 7.2 Accepted mechanisms of rubber –brass bonding
  • 7.3 Ageing of the rubber-brass bond
  • 7.4 Metal-organic cobalt salts
  • 7.5 The role of resins and silica/resin systems
  • 7.6 Summary

    8 Rubber to Metal Bonding Using Metallic Coagents

  • 8.1 Introduction
  • 8.2 Metallic coagents
  • 8.3 Experimental
  • 8.4 Results and discussion
  • 8.5 Summary

    9 Rubber to Fabric Bonding

  • 9.1 Introduction
  • 9.2 Adhesive systems
  • 9.3 Mechanisms of adhesion
  • 9.4 Other factors affecting adhesion
  • 9.5 Environmental aspects

    10 Bonding Rubber with Cyanoacrylates

  • 10.1 Introduction
  • 10.2 Liquid cyanoacrylates
  • 10.3 Curing of cyanoacrylates
  • 10.4 Types of cyanoacrylate
  • 10.5 Design considerations
  • 10.6 Bonding to silicone rubber
  • 10.7 Environmental resistance
  • 10.8 Activators
  • 10.9 Application methods for cyanoacrylates
  • 10.10 Health and safety and handling precautions
  • 10.11 Typical applications
  • 10.12 Troubleshooting

    11 Bonding Silicone Rubber to Various Substrate

  • 11.1 Introduction
  • 11.2 Why bond silicone rubber?
  • 11.3 Material combinations of interest -examples
  • 11.4 Some applications of silicone rubber composites
  • 11.5 Bonding concepts
  • 11.6 Bonding of liquid rubber (LR)
  • 11.7 Bonding of solid rubber (HTV)
  • 11.8 Processing techniques
  • 11.9 Silicone to silicone bonding (soft and soft)
  • 11.10 Cable industry
  • 11.11 Duration of bonding properties
  • 11.12 Alternatives to injection moulding
  • 11.13 Summary

    12 Failures in Rubber Bonding to Substrates

  • 12.2.Rubber bonding in power transmission belting
  • 12.3 Undesirable adhesion occuring under service conditions (fixing)


  • Abbreviations and Acronyms
  • Author Index
  • Company Index
  • Main Index

    Bryan Crowther has an extensive knowledge of the rubber industry having been involved with it for his entire working life. His career started at the Research Association of British Rubber Manufacturers (later to become Rapra Technology). His industrial experience started with Stalybridge Rubber where he first became involved with the bonding of rubber to metals and plastics. This knowledge was used to advantage when he joined BTR at Burton-upon-Trent, becoming Technical Manager responsible for a wide range of products involving bonding to various substrates. Joining Uniroyal Technical Service Group he was involved with the solution of customers problems and general technical service to the European rubber industry. His bonding experience was further enhanced when he joined Woodville Rubber Company as Executive Technical Manager developing compounds for aircraft wing slot seal and many fabric rubber related composite products, together with a wide range of rubber to metal products incorporating all available rubber types. A period of time was also spent with Malaysian Rubber Producers Research Association working on the processing of natural rubber compounds. After some years with Schill & Seilacher, where he was a Technical Writer/Lecturer, he moved to Loughborough University where he became associated with carbon/black/rubber processing and also ran short courses in Rubber Technology. After this, he rejoined Rapra Technology as a Consultant working on the KBS rubber database, as Editor and also writing/editing many books/reports.